A Dr Seuss Biography
On this page you'll find a comprehensive Dr Seuss biography or, more accurately, a biography of Theodor Seuss Geisel, one of the world’s best-known and most-loved children’s authors.
This page is quite long so, if you'd like to read a shorter biography of Dr Seuss, go to my
10 Fun Facts About Dr Seuss.
About Dr Seuss
Theodor Seuss Geisel (‘Ted’ to his friends) was born on 2 March 1904 in Springfield, Massachusetts to Theodor Robert Geisel and Henrietta (Seuss) Geisel.
His mother, Henrietta Seuss Geisel, often soothed her children to sleep by ‘chanting’ rhymes she remembered from her childhood.
Ted had one sister, Marnie, and by all accounts the two enjoyed a happy, comfortable childhood.
Ted Geisel attended Springfield's Classical High School and later Dartmouth College. At Dartmouth, he worked on the college’s humour magazine the Jack-O-Lantern, eventually becoming its editor-in-chief.
To continue working on the Jack-O-Lantern, Geisel began signing his work with the pen-name ‘Seuss’ which was both his mother’s maiden name and his own middle name. His first work signed as Dr Seuss appeared after he graduated.
After Dartmouth, Ted went to Oxford University in England to study philosophy and English literature. This was at the suggestion of his father, who wanted him to be a college professor.
At Oxford Geisel met Helen Palmer, a fellow student who later became his first wife, however his academic studies bored him and he decided to tour Europe instead.
After returning to the US, Ted pursued a career as a cartoonist, after which he spent 15 years creating advertising campaigns for Standard Oil.
As World War II approached, Ted began contributing weekly political cartoons to PM magazine, a liberal publication.
He went on to serve with Frank Capra's Signal Corps (US Army) making training movies and it was here that he was introduced to the art of animation and developed a series of animated training films.
Writing for Children
The first book that was both written and illustrated by Theodor Seuss Geisel was And to Think That I Saw It on Mulberry Street. The book was rejected 27 times before being published by Vanguard Press in 1937.
In May 1954, Life magazine published a report on illiteracy among school children which concluded that children were not learning to read because the books they were being asked to read were boring.
He asked Geisel to cut the list to 250 words and to write a book using only those words. Spaulding challenged Geisel to write a book ‘children can't put down.’
Nine months later, Geisel, using 236 of the words given to him, completed The Cat in the Hat. The book was an instant success and is still very popular with children today.
Part of the appeal of The Cat in the Hat when it was first published was that it retained the drawing style, verse rhythms and all the imaginative power of Geisel's earlier works but, because of its simplified vocabulary, could be read by beginning readers.
Theodor Seuss Geisel went on to write many other
both in his new simplified-vocabulary manner (sold as Beginner Books and in his older, more elaborate style. These included favourites like
Green Eggs and Ham
Home and Later Life
On 23 October 23 1967, after a long struggle with illnesses including cancer, as well as emotional pain over her husband's affair with Audrey Stone Dimond, Geisel's wife, Helen, committed suicide.
Despite being married twice and spending much of his adult life writing books for children, Geisel had no children of his own.
He was often quoted as saying, when asked about this, ‘You have 'em; I'll entertain 'em.’
Ted Geisel died on 24 September 1991.
He leaves a legacy of
44 children's books
which he both wrote and illustrated and which have been translated into more than 15 languages and sold over 200 million copies around the world.
Dr Seuss Memorial
More About Dr Seuss
The books that follow are biographies of Ted Geisel, the man we know as Dr Seuss.
The first two were written for children while the last one, Dr Seuss & Mr Geisel, is a comprehensive biography written by two journalists who were long-time friends of Ted and his wife, Audrey.
These books are quite hard to get hold of, at least they are in Australia, where I live. I bought them from the
Dr Seuss, Young Author
This book is the one most suited to younger readers.
Great for children aged 8 years and up but a capable six-year-old reader would also enjoy it.
The Boy on Fairfield Street
A great book, probably best suited to readers aged from about 8-12 years.
Dr Seuss & Mr Geisel
Most of the information on this page comes from this comprehensive biography written by two journalists who were long-time friends of Ted and his wife, Audrey.
It's a very readable and fascinating book which I highly recommend if you'd like to read more about the man behind the books, his life and his work.
The Man Who Was Dr Seuss
Theodor Seuss Geisel, The Early Works
This book deals with the work Ted Geisel did in advertising before he turned to writing children's books.
Many of his ads are reproduced here in their original formats and it's fascinating to see the similarity between the drawings in the ads and the illustrations in the books.